The Bolshoi Theater can truly be called the temple of Russian culture.
For more than two hundred years, the Moscow theater has been one of the most significant cultural venues not only of our country, but of the entire planet. Not for nothing is the State Academic Bolshoi Theater of Russia among the world's largest opera and ballet theaters, such as La Scala, Coven Garden and Metropolitan Opera, its own special niche. It was here that for two centuries, theater-goers gathered from all over the country, getting acquainted with the work of the best artists of opera and ballet art.
Thirteen serf musicians and less than thirty artists became the first members of the troupe of the private provincial theater of Prince Ursov, and then invited actors from abroad began to appear on the stage of the new theater platform. The initial repertoire combined in itself Russian and Italian drama, ballet and opera programs in such a way that the drama and opera were a single whole.
Now the Bolshoi Theater includes an opera and ballet troupe, a Scenic Wind Orchestra and the Bolshoi Theater Orchestra, which is famous all over the world. For its rich and interesting history, hundreds of artists, directors, artists, conductors and other artists have received various state awards and titles on the stage of the main cultural center of the capital.
Productions with the participation of some of them can be visited in the Bolshoi and now.
As for the repertoire, there is undoubtedly here at all times with great success were the brightest ballet and opera productions of the capital. In total, more than 800 works were staged at the Bolshoi stage, among which, first of all, it is worth noting:
Today, the Bolshoi Theater is not just an architectural monument. This is the greatest work of art, whose fame has long been beyond the borders of our country. This is the most popular theater venue, tickets to the performances of which are a huge success at any time of the year. And this is not in vain, because the theatrical culture of Moscow for over two hundred years has been directly connected with the Bolshoi Theater.
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The history of the Bolshoi Theater dates back to the distant 1776. It was then that Catherine II gave the governor's prince Peter Vasilyevich Ursov a “privilege”, which allowed him for ten years to contain and conduct all sorts of entertainment events, including balls, masquerades and performances. This is how the private Ursov Theater appeared, which after more than two centuries will become the State Academic Bolshoi Theater of Russia.
The first premise of the theater was built in less than six months on the bank of the Neglinka River, from where a view of Petrovka Street was opened. Due to this, the theater received its second name - Petrovsky, the official opening of which took place on December 30, 1780. In the three-storey building of the theater there is a ground floor, a gallery, three tiers of boxes, a “masquerad hall,” a “card” and other service premises. In total, the hall could accommodate about a thousand spectators. Petrovsky Theater stood 25 years and the first fire occurred on October 8, 1805.
For more than two hundred years of history, the Bolshoi Theater experienced several reconstructions in connection with the fires that occurred in:
After a fire in 1805, the theater was rebuilt on Arbat Square, the architect was K.I. Rossi, and the artist was M.I. Scotty. But the theater did not last long, four years later, during the Moscow fire of 1812, the building burned down again. The next room for the Moscow theater was the house of Apraksin on Znamenka, which was built in 1792 according to the project of F. Camporesy. The room was cramped and uncomfortable, and instead of elegant armchairs in the hall there were benches covered with coarse cloth. The Bolshoi troupe in this building did not work for long, because fires also flared up here more than once.
After the competition for the construction of the theater, in 1825, the grand opening of the new site took place, the construction of which was done by O. I. Bove. But this room was not destined to live long - in March 1853 a fire broke out, which lasted several days.
The next victory in the next competition for the reconstruction of the theater was won by Albert Kavos, under whose leadership the venue was restored in three years.
During the Soviet era, the question of the expediency of closing the theater was raised more than once, but fortunately this did not happen. Moreover, almost 80 years later, in 2002, the New Stage of the Bolshoi Theater opens, the premiere of which is the opera The Snow Maiden by Rimsky - Korsakov.
The last restoration of the theater started in 2005. The colossal project of reconstruction of the world-class architectural monument began with a study of the deterioration of the building. As a result of the preparatory work from the former premises there were only two bearing walls and the main facade. The main tasks of the reconstruction of the building of the Bolshoi Theater were:
The construction of the new theater lasted a long six years. The grand opening of the Bolshoi Theater after a lengthy reconstruction took place on October 28, 2011.